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Rules and Regulations of Chess

These are the Basic Rules and Regulations of the game of Chess.

If you want to learn to play the chess a basic understanding of the Regulations is crucial


The rules are not always going to help you win a game. The Great skill of the game is understanding how your opponent will use the regulations of chess to work out many, many different potential chess moves.
Early chess rules book
The rules of Chess in full are fairly comprehensive but detailed below is a condensed version of the Chess

Objective of the game of Chess.
Chess is a two-player game played on a board consisting of 64 (8x8) squares arranged in alternating light and dark colors and 32 Chess men (16 of either black or white for each player). There are six different types of Chessmen, each of which can move in their own unique way. The objective of the game is to protect your most valuable piece, the king, and trap (checkmate) your opponent’s king.

The Game of Chess Starting positions
The Chess board is positioned so that a light colored Chess Board square is in the near-right corner to each player’s position. Each Chess player takes control of sixteen Chess pieces or Chessmen, in either black or white, consisting of the following:
 1 king Chess Piece
 1 Queen Chess Piece
 2 Rook Chess Pieces
 2 Bishop Chess Pieces
 2 Knight Chess Pieces
 8 Pawn Chess Playing Pieces

The above Chess pieces are arranged on the Chess board. The row of chess pieces nearest to the  player contains the rooks on the outside corners and moving inwards, the knights and bishops with the king and queen occupying the centre two squares (the queen is always placed on the corresponding square color – white on light, black on dark) This layout is also described as Queen to colour.

Beginning a game of Chess
The Chess Players choose a colour each either by mutual agreement or by flipping a coin. Another traditional way of determining a Chess player’s colour is through one player concealing a pawn chess piece of each color in each hand and asking their opponent to select a hand (and therefore a colour to play the game of chess with).

The Chess player controlling the white coloured Chessmen moves first and each player then takes it in turns to make a move until either a draw is called by the Chess players or until either player’s King Chess piece is trapped by means of checkmate.

Moving the Chess Pieces or Chessmen.

Each of the eight types of Chessmen move in their own different and unique ways. Although a piece cannot pass through a square containing other pieces it can move in to a square occupied by an opposing piece, which is then “taken” or “captured” and removed from the board. Each of the Chessmen can move in the following ways:

The Rook Piece
Moves orthogonally to the players (forward, backward, left or right) across any number of unoccupied squares.

The Bishop Piece
The Bishop Chess piece moves diagonally across any number of unoccupied chess squares.

The Queen Piece
The Queen Chess Piece moves orthogonally or diagonally across any number of unoccupied squares.

The King Piece
The King Chess Piece moves orthogonally or diagonally one square at a time.

The Knight Piece
The Knight Chess Piece moves in an ‘L’ shape. Either two spaces in one direction then one space at right angles (orthogonally) to it or one space in one direction then two spaces orthogonally to it. The knight is the only piece that can jump over other pieces.
 

The Pawn Piece
The Pawn Chess Piece moves one space forward (away from the controlling player). On its first move, however, a pawn may move two spaces forward if desired. A pawn can only “capture” pieces that are situated one space diagonally in front of it.

In addition to the above moves the king and rook can combine to do a special move called castling. If the king and rook are still at their starting positions and all of the spaces between them are empty then the king can move two squares towards the rook and the rook can move to the space that the king has just moved over (all as one move). Castling, however, is not permitted if the king is threatened or moving to a threatened square and it is always a good idea to announce your intention to castle to your opponent before carrying out the move.

If a pawn reaches the opponents back line it can become a queen (if the players queen has been captured) in a move called “queening” or “promotion”. Or, alternatively the player can choose for the pawn to become a captured rook or a bishop (this is called “under promotion”).

A king cannot be moved at any time in to a position that places or leaves it in check.

In serious play, if a player touches any of his pieces then he/she must move it if it is legally possible to do so. If a player touches an opponent’s piece then he/she must capture it if it is legally possible to do so. If a player wishes to touch a piece to adjust its position on a square then he/she must inform his/her opponent prior to doing so.

If an illegal move is made at any time then the player must retract that move and make another one if possible with the same piece.

Winning a game of Chess
When a Chess player makes a move that threatens the opposing player’s king with capture the king is “in check”. The opposing player must then make a move whereby the king is no longer under threat either by moving another piece between the king and the threatening piece, by moving the king, or by capturing the threatening piece. A player may never leave his/her king in check at the end of a move. When playing informally it is often customary to announce check when it occurs but this is never done in professional/formal tournament play.

If a king is placed in check and there is no legal move that the player can do to remove the king from the threat of capture then the king is said to be “checkmated” and the game is over with the player controlling the checkmated king losing. Either player may at any time forfeit the game if he/she feels that his/her position is hopeless.


Drawing a Game of Chess - Game Draws
A game may end in a draw if the player to move cannot make any legal move and is not in check (known as “stalemate”), if there is no possibility for either player to put his/her opponent in check, or both players agree to draw by mutual agreement.

Timing Rules. The Rules on timing in a game.
Tournament games are often played under time constraints using a Chess clock. Under these conditions each player must make his/her move within a specified time, or face forfeit.

In formal competition, each player is also obliged to record each move as it is played in order to settle disputes about illegal positions and overstepping time control. Algebraic Chess notation is presently used for this, though some players still use descriptive Chess notation.

These are the Basic Rules and Regualtions of the Game of Chess